Brihad Manu Siksha #1 Lecture Notes

http://seminary.bhaktivedantaacademy.com/content/uploads/sc/year2/ms102/20612-03-12-Brihad-Manu-Siksa-1.1-1.50.mp3

Full lecture transcription [link not active yet]

  • Manu Samhita is the main dharma-shastra. There are about 20 different-dharma shastras, their details apply in different ages and situations.
  • Varnashrama is rarely looked at as a complete social system.
  • We think rules don’t apply because we have lost understanding of them.
  • Perverted reflection means that we put ourself in the center.
  • By following dharma, lifestyle here is the same as in the spiritual world.
  • The purpose of the rules is enhancing an aspect of relationship, but most take it as ritual.
  • Tradition is how rules have been applied by great saintly persons – Manu smriti is about that.
  • Knowledge has to begin with how it descended from the Lord.
  • In Kali-yuga there are often times of distress, so comments of Yajnavalkya and especially Parashara are added for Kali yuga.
  • Manu Samhita has 25 topics in 12 chapters (discourses).
  • 18 titles of law.
  • Topics may extend over several chapters – once we get used to it it becomes easier to read Vedic literatures.
  • Svayambhu may refer to Krishna, Lord Brahma and Svayambhuva Manu. Manu is in charge of mankind.

CHAPTER 1 QUESTIONS OF THE SAGES

  • Sages know Varnashrama, but they want to know rules in connection with the Supreme Lord. So Manu is actually on Daivi-varnashrama.
  • Parts of Manu Samhita that don’t apply are the rules that we chant Hare Krishna and don’t care about.
  • Even apara-vidyas are to be received in parampara and their connection to Vedanta must be maintained at all times.
  • The idea of anuchana is to see all sciences and scriptures in relation to Vedanta.
  • The students of Manu Samhita must be:

1) high-minded – one is in the mode of goodness, seeing good qualities in connection to the Lord;

2) elevated – one should be practicing it;
3) interested in the practice of religious life for the purpose of God-realization.

  • There are people who are only interested in practice of religious life, or only in God-realization.
  • One must be interested in how to apply religion transcendentally – then one can appreciate Manu Samhita.
  • People only notice verses about fingers cut off  – 2 out of 2,000.
  • We are using the same translation of Manu Samhita that scholars used to discredit culture, to prove it, so no academics can complain.
  • Pradhana is material energy in an undefined state.
  • The Lord first establishes the field of activities for the living entities.
  • The mind is real, but may have an unrealistic perception of the world.
  • “The great one” = Mahat, material energy containing souls.
  • The subtle body is actually all mind, which has divisions of mind, intelligence and ego.
  • Mahabhutas are manifest from Sankarshana, senses – from Pradyumna.
  • Sankhya is explained in 25 elements, or 9, or 16.
  • Our identity is based on the senses and the mind.
  • Body, sharira is the residence of the Supreme Lord.
  • Mind comes from Aniruddha.
  • Performing activities is Vasudeva.
  • All shastras start with creation, because we have to know how everything connects to the Lord.
  • In the beginning Lord assigned name, form and activities for every living entity.
  • German girl riding on a Harley still manifests feminine nature.
  • Impure nature is a problem, pure nature is never a problem.
  • The three Vedas come from fire, wind and Sun.
  • The way we see the world is through mind. Nakshatras are important, since they influence the mind.
  • Time, Lord Brahma and Nakshatras are on the topmost level of goodness.
  • The atomic particles are eternal, though the forms are perishable and change.
  • Living entities spontaneously take to whatever activities are assigned according to their nature.
  • Creation is always the same.
  • Untruth spontaneously sticks to the tribal because it’s important for them to not accept God and the Vedas.
  • Human species accepts the Vedas and authority.
  • We only change from tribal to human due to devotional service.
  • People follow their day-to day concerns anyway, either in a scientific, or a non-scientific way.
  • By analyzing the ingredients of the table one cannot understand the purpose of the table to keep shastra on.
  • People who are successful usually use more intelligence, except for those who are very consistent in sentiment and become successful in that.
  • Psychology is part of Ayurveda.
  • Primary creation is done by the Lord. Secondary creation is what is done by Lord Brahma.
  • Virat is the lotus from which Lord Brahma is born.
  • In the primary creation there is the Lord and His internal potency. In the secondary creation there is material energy and us.
  • Translators don’t understand the Vedas, so sometimes they use obscure words.
  • It’s only through austerity that Lord Brahma creates.
  • Through austerity even the bug is elevated to heavenly planets.
  • By lack of austerity one is degraded.
  • Lord Brahma created 9 Prajapatis who created other living entities.
  • Some grandsons of Lord Brahma also became Prajapatis, so in total there are 21 Prajapatis.
  • Apsaras are female gandharvas.
  • Manes means forefathers, or pitris.
  • Kinnaras are half-humans, half-animals.
  • Living entities are born from womb, eggs, moisture and perspiration, and seeds, shoots, slips.
  • Vanaspati – trees that bear only fruit.
  • Vriksha – trees that bear both fruit and flowers.
  • Plants possess internal consciousness and experience pleasure and pain.
  • Creation starts with Lord Vishnu and ends with plants.
  • Primary creation – sarga, secondary – visarga.​

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