Tag Archives: laws

Brihad Manu Siksha #6 Lecture Notes

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Full lecture transcription [Link not active yet]

  • The rules of begging.
  • Brahmana starts begging with bhavati – first respect, then activity, then result.
  • Kshatriya first states the activity, then respect, then result.
  • Vaishya fist states the benefit, then activity, then respect.
  • Within upanayanam samskara first alms are given by mother, sister or aunt, so it turns out auspicious.
  • Prasada may be honored sitting in any direction.
  • While eating one should be focused on the prasada. No discussions distracting from the meal should be entertained.
  • Eating is not maya, maya is not seeing things in connection to Krishna.
  • Austerity on its own is not devotional service. Good things on their own are not devotional service. It becomes devotional service when we understand the connection to Krishna.
  • One should eat what one is happy about.
  • Food eaten in worshipful mood gives good health and nourishment, neglectfully – vice versa.
  • We should never eat with people who complain about what we are eating.
  • There is no healthy health food freaks.
  • The laws given in the Manu Samhita are not an option, they are laws. Some laws don’t apply to Vaishnavas as a lifestyle, ashrama. But in varna all the rules given apply.
  • We follow laws everywhere else, but we question God’s laws. If we are scared, we should not stay in this class.
  • People who are materially regulated are generally healthy because they unknowingly follow God’s laws.
  • Manu tells us not eat between meals.
  • One should not overeat oneself, but should try to feed others as much as possible.
  • Overeating is impediment to health, fame and way to heaven.
  • Brahmana sips water from the base of the wrist, root of the thumb. For demigod, pitri worship etc there are other places to sip from.
  • Acamana is a Vedic ritual that is used in Pancaratra.
  • Acamana should be performed facing East or North.
  • Water should be clean and cool.
  • Brahmana is purified when acamana water reaches his heart – that happens when one uses the right quantity and concentrates. That focus ensures the purity of the brahmana. Shudra is purified when water merely touches the lips.
  • Those who worship Vishnu always wear thread on the left shoulder to the right, and expose right arm and shoulder while wearing chaddar. For other worships it is vice versa.
  • Sacred items are placed in water after use. Burning or burying is the next option.
  • First 6 chapters of Manu Samhita are going in the order of samskaras.
  • Keshanta – clipping hair, confirming student’s vows. Brahmana is mature at the age of 16. One shows one’s own commitment and desire to study, as opposed to just what parents wanted. Brahmanas continue to study, while kshatriyas and vaishyas usually graduate at the age of 16.
  • Ceremonies for females are performed chanting mantras without svaras. For women, upanayana is replaced by marriage.
  • Women don’t have the ceremony of keshanta. For women the conviction to remain unmarried is not important, since girls are always focused in what they are doing.
  • Marriage is equal to initiation for women. Serving the husband is equal to service to the teacher. Household duties give the same benefit as performance of yajnas.
  • Vedic is equal because everyone gets the same benefit, even though the means may be different.
  • It’s not that men and women like exactly the same things in the same way.
  • 44:30 Women want to give a class. What result are they looking for?
  • To give class just because one is a woman is quite bodily conscious.
  • When men do something the formality is great. When women do something, they always involve some art. Therefore there are things that only men do, since women would not be satisfied with them anyway – there is no aspect of art there.

Topic 3 The ordinances of studentship

  • First teacher instructs the student in personal purification and conduct. Next is yajna, Deity worship and chanting of mantras. After that comes study.
  • While offering obeisances, hands are put on top of each other and crossed (as if touching the right foot of the teacher with right hand, left foot with the left hand.)
  • The brahmana teacher must always be enthusiastic to teach. If student doesn’t learn they repeat it.
  • Lesson should start with transcendental sound, otherwise knowledge will slip away, and end also, otherwise knowledge will fade.
  • We chant “Om” before Hare Krishna to catch people’s attention and to get everyone on the same note.
  • AUM represents the three Vedas, three worlds, three padas of Gayatri, the Lord, His internal potency and the living entities.
  • By chanting Gayatri one gets the benefit of reciting the whole Veda.
  • Gayatri is chanted morning and evening with all the accompanying rituals, but at noon simply purification and chanting takes place. Therefore sometimes it is misunderstood that Gayatri is chanted twice a day.
  • 60:30 Wrapping the thread around thumb while chanting Gayatri – it is meant for those who chant Gayatri as japa, many times, to help counting.
  • 63:00 Portals before internet.
  • Chanting of Gayatri is entrance into study of the Veda and into transcendence.
  • Brahma Gayatri removes the purusha-bhava. Therefore women traditionally would not chant it.
  • Prabhupada did not want to give Brahma-gayatri to women, but they went on strike, and Prabhupada decided that they had as much purusha-bhava as men, so it would help. But technically it is not a glory.
  • Don’t use dharma to establish adharma, use dharma to establish things the way they work.

Brihad Manu Siksha #1 Lecture Notes

http://seminary.bhaktivedantaacademy.com/content/uploads/sc/year2/ms102/20612-03-12-Brihad-Manu-Siksa-1.1-1.50.mp3

Full lecture transcription [link not active yet]

  • Manu Samhita is the main dharma-shastra. There are about 20 different-dharma shastras, their details apply in different ages and situations.
  • Varnashrama is rarely looked at as a complete social system.
  • We think rules don’t apply because we have lost understanding of them.
  • Perverted reflection means that we put ourself in the center.
  • By following dharma, lifestyle here is the same as in the spiritual world.
  • The purpose of the rules is enhancing an aspect of relationship, but most take it as ritual.
  • Tradition is how rules have been applied by great saintly persons – Manu smriti is about that.
  • Knowledge has to begin with how it descended from the Lord.
  • In Kali-yuga there are often times of distress, so comments of Yajnavalkya and especially Parashara are added for Kali yuga.
  • Manu Samhita has 25 topics in 12 chapters (discourses).
  • 18 titles of law.
  • Topics may extend over several chapters – once we get used to it it becomes easier to read Vedic literatures.
  • Svayambhu may refer to Krishna, Lord Brahma and Svayambhuva Manu. Manu is in charge of mankind.

CHAPTER 1 QUESTIONS OF THE SAGES

  • Sages know Varnashrama, but they want to know rules in connection with the Supreme Lord. So Manu is actually on Daivi-varnashrama.
  • Parts of Manu Samhita that don’t apply are the rules that we chant Hare Krishna and don’t care about.
  • Even apara-vidyas are to be received in parampara and their connection to Vedanta must be maintained at all times.
  • The idea of anuchana is to see all sciences and scriptures in relation to Vedanta.
  • The students of Manu Samhita must be:

1) high-minded – one is in the mode of goodness, seeing good qualities in connection to the Lord;

2) elevated – one should be practicing it;
3) interested in the practice of religious life for the purpose of God-realization.

  • There are people who are only interested in practice of religious life, or only in God-realization.
  • One must be interested in how to apply religion transcendentally – then one can appreciate Manu Samhita.
  • People only notice verses about fingers cut off  – 2 out of 2,000.
  • We are using the same translation of Manu Samhita that scholars used to discredit culture, to prove it, so no academics can complain.
  • Pradhana is material energy in an undefined state.
  • The Lord first establishes the field of activities for the living entities.
  • The mind is real, but may have an unrealistic perception of the world.
  • “The great one” = Mahat, material energy containing souls.
  • The subtle body is actually all mind, which has divisions of mind, intelligence and ego.
  • Mahabhutas are manifest from Sankarshana, senses – from Pradyumna.
  • Sankhya is explained in 25 elements, or 9, or 16.
  • Our identity is based on the senses and the mind.
  • Body, sharira is the residence of the Supreme Lord.
  • Mind comes from Aniruddha.
  • Performing activities is Vasudeva.
  • All shastras start with creation, because we have to know how everything connects to the Lord.
  • In the beginning Lord assigned name, form and activities for every living entity.
  • German girl riding on a Harley still manifests feminine nature.
  • Impure nature is a problem, pure nature is never a problem.
  • The three Vedas come from fire, wind and Sun.
  • The way we see the world is through mind. Nakshatras are important, since they influence the mind.
  • Time, Lord Brahma and Nakshatras are on the topmost level of goodness.
  • The atomic particles are eternal, though the forms are perishable and change.
  • Living entities spontaneously take to whatever activities are assigned according to their nature.
  • Creation is always the same.
  • Untruth spontaneously sticks to the tribal because it’s important for them to not accept God and the Vedas.
  • Human species accepts the Vedas and authority.
  • We only change from tribal to human due to devotional service.
  • People follow their day-to day concerns anyway, either in a scientific, or a non-scientific way.
  • By analyzing the ingredients of the table one cannot understand the purpose of the table to keep shastra on.
  • People who are successful usually use more intelligence, except for those who are very consistent in sentiment and become successful in that.
  • Psychology is part of Ayurveda.
  • Primary creation is done by the Lord. Secondary creation is what is done by Lord Brahma.
  • Virat is the lotus from which Lord Brahma is born.
  • In the primary creation there is the Lord and His internal potency. In the secondary creation there is material energy and us.
  • Translators don’t understand the Vedas, so sometimes they use obscure words.
  • It’s only through austerity that Lord Brahma creates.
  • Through austerity even the bug is elevated to heavenly planets.
  • By lack of austerity one is degraded.
  • Lord Brahma created 9 Prajapatis who created other living entities.
  • Some grandsons of Lord Brahma also became Prajapatis, so in total there are 21 Prajapatis.
  • Apsaras are female gandharvas.
  • Manes means forefathers, or pitris.
  • Kinnaras are half-humans, half-animals.
  • Living entities are born from womb, eggs, moisture and perspiration, and seeds, shoots, slips.
  • Vanaspati – trees that bear only fruit.
  • Vriksha – trees that bear both fruit and flowers.
  • Plants possess internal consciousness and experience pleasure and pain.
  • Creation starts with Lord Vishnu and ends with plants.
  • Primary creation – sarga, secondary – visarga.​

Philosophical Definitions #1

PHILOSOPHICAL DEFINITIONS LECTURE #1, 18th Sep 2008, Bhaktivedanta Academy, Sridham Mayapur

HH BVPS Maharaja: So now we will begin our study of the basic scriptures that Srila Prabhupada had mentioned, what’s known generally in ISKCON in giving a Bhakti-sastri degree. In the Academy here that will give you a different degree. Because we will be studying many, many different aspects or elements. Continue reading Philosophical Definitions #1