Category Archives: sastra-caksus

How Apasampradayas Arise

Reading from ‘The Apasampradayas, deviant Vaishnava sects’ by Suhotra Svami*: “The link between namaparadha and full-blown deviation from the sampradaya is indicated by Srila Jiva Goswami who warns in the Bhakti Sandarbha that there are offenders to the holy name who are acikitsya or incorrigible (jnana-lava-durvidagdhastraacikitsyaatvadupeksa). Devotees, always compassionate, try to help fallen souls with good instruction. But if someone becomes insolent and arrogant due to acquiring a little knowledge from their association, he is disqualified from the sampradaya because of three kinds of namaparadha: sadhu-ninda (blasphemy of the devotees of the Lord), guru-avajna (disregard of the spiritual master) and srutisastraninda (blasphemy of the revealed scriptures).

“Yet the incorrigible offender never conceives the fact of his offenses. He cannot understand that the mercy of the spiritual master and the association of pure devotees are indispensable to the chanting of the holy name. Because he highly values wordly knowledge and accomplishments, he looks down upon the simple devotees who have surrendered themselves to devotional service. This is sadhu-ninda. He cannot accept that the spiritual master is a transcendental teacher, not a wordly one; thus he tries to measure the person and instructions of the guru by his own mental standards. This is guru-avajna. He studies the revealed scriptures as he would ordinary literature, gleaning from it whatever seems to support his preconceived notions, heedless of the rest. This is srutisastraninda.”

“They may not be able to always follow the order of the guru, or may not understand the things in shastra, don’t bicker with the other devotees, but he is not taking this as a main platform.”

HH BVPS Maharaja: So here is then the person who is performing nama-aparadha, then if they don’t have these problems… It doesn’t mean that… They may not be able to always follow the order of the guru, or may not understand the things in shastra, don’t bicker with the other devotees, but he is not taking this as a main platform. You can see that, okay, sometimes something is wrong, or something like this.

But here is someone who then doesn’t see the importance. Their own intelligence, their own perception on it is actually the main thing. So therefore the position of the acarya, the position of the vaishnavas, the position of the scripture is not the most prominent or driving element. And because of that then they separate themselves actually from the sampradaya. Because as we see here, they read the scriptures, but just take what they like and leave the rest.

“There is a difference between that there is difficulties, but the faith is there and you continue on in the devotional process, or that difficulties are there, but you think those difficulties are actually your qualifications.”

That’s what we saw before in the 6 systems of the Vedic philosophy, is they are taking it from scriptures, based on Veda, whatever they consider as their evidence, it goes back to the Veda, it’s all real evidence. But the problem is is, they only choose which evidence supports what they want, everything else they leave. Does that make sense? Like you have an example of that you are trying to establish that you don’t need to have a spiritual master, you’ll just directly take initiation from Prabhupada. So they’ll base it on a letter, even though you can give so much evidence from the books and other things, that won’t be accepted, it has to be a letter. Does that make sense? So this is that kind of aspect where you only accept which parts you like and everything else you reject. So then that’s there.

Or the devotees, because they are simple, like that, they’ve taken shelter of the Lord, they are performing their devotional activities, but they may not have great knowledge or be necessarily that thoughtful about the process, they just have faith, they just do it, so you consider them not so developed, because here you have, you are thoughtful, because you are making up your own system. Means, to make up your own system means you have to be thoughtful, but it’s just that you are applying the thoughtfulness improperly. Others aren’t, they are just going along with the system, so you don’t consider them special. So then that’s inappropriate.

And then the spiritual master instructions, then you look at him and you judge by your own. So in the same way, what you like, what you don’t like, it’s just on your own decision, it’s not by what is the standard, therefore even if you don’t see it that way, but you want to develop seeing it that way… Do you understand?

So, there is a difference between that there is difficulties, but the faith is there and you continue on in the devotional process, or that difficulties are there, but you think those difficulties are actually your qualifications. Does that make sense?

Prabhu (1): Maharaja, namaparadha is like a misgiving?

HH BVPS Maharaja: Namaparadha? Namaparadha can be anything. Means, it can be… Means, the specific one? Oh, yes, you would say it’s misgivings. But the misgivings, you take it that the misgivings are real, have substance and that they are actually something to judge from. Means, people may do that, but it’s not that they so much necessarily notice it. You know what I am saying? Just the conditioning is there, so you just continue in your conditioning as you always have, and then you are adding Krishna consciousness, so sometimes they conflict, because you have the pure devotional service and then the material, so it makes for that mixed devotional service.

But here it’s not that… Your point is that this is the most… How you say? The misgiving, it’s there, but you don’t necessarily notice it. Here the person is taking, noticing their misgiving and then making it that that is the standard by which you judge devotional service. You know what I am saying?

So you can see is that there is very nice… You can see, ok, you can understand someone is not situated in offenseless chanting, but they are still situated in devotional service. And then it’s very obvious, those who are completely apasampradaya. The difficulty would be what’s in-between, right? But the basic point is in-between is what is connected is proper and what’s not is not. So there may be more proportion of not, or more proportion of connected. But still, it’s considered within the sampradaya, you are just not so nicely situated. Does that make sense? So anything in-between, you don’t count it that they are from the apasampradaya, you count it that they are within the sampradaya. Does that make sense?

“It’s not so often that having given up the determined practice of devotional service, that very many create their own practices. Most just go back to whatever is their previous conditioning. But you see some, having come to the mundane platform then they create their own process and are actually able to continue in it. So that’s specifically your apasampradaya.”

Prabhu (2): So the main point would be to see that it’s progressing towards the apasampradaya or towards the sampradaya?

HH BVPS Maharaja: Yes, means, what’s their determination? So in other words, if their determination is there, with discussion, just know they are convinced, ‘No, this is my, my perspective is correct,’ then there is going to be a difficulty there. Then it’s just a matter of do they just go out of devotional service, or do they actually in going out maintain a so-called practice of devotional service. Does that make sense? Yeah.

So generally you see is, means, it’s not so often that having given up the determined practice of devotional service, that very many create their own practices. Most just go back to whatever is their previous conditioning. But you see some, having come to the mundane platform then they create their own process and are actually able to continue in it. So that’s specifically your apasampradaya.

Because generally someone having dropped to the mundane platform we just say that they fell down. But now in that fallen position, no, now they make up a new, their own thing, then that’s where your apasampradaya. Because most people come to that and then they just disappear. Then after a while they figure out, ‘This is stupid,’ and then they come back to Krishna consciousness. But this is they’ll never figure out it’s stupid, because they think they have their own process.

(From His Holiness Bhaktividya Purna Svami Maharaja’s lecture on Apasampradayas, Sastra Caksus course, 1st March 2013, Bhaktivedanta Academy, Sridham Mayapur)

*The book ‘The Apasampradayas, deviant Vaishnava sects’ by Suhotra Svami is a publication of The Bhaktivedanta Academy, Mayapur

Lecture audio:

Brihad Manu Siksha #12

Full lecture transcription [link not active yet]

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  • One can only understand things properly through submission.
  • While giving a class people who have come are showing interest, so we speak to them. Otherwise we should not speak if there is no one interested.
  • Sandhis are always used for spiritual life. One should not sleep during those times.
  • When acquisition of spiritual knowledge, acquiring wealth and sense satisfaction should be balanced, life goes properly.
  • Women and children (and other untrained people) should always be encouraged if they want to do something proper.
  • Balancing sadhana, service and family life is a matter of proper prioritizing. In Vedic education one starts learning it from a very young age.
  • Teacher represents Brahma, father – Prajapati.
  • Brahmachari shaving or not shaving is a matter of situation (Pancaratra followers shave, those living in the forest might not), but the principle is that brahmachari does not care too much about his physical appearance.
  • One can never repay the effort put in by one’s parents in raising us, even in 100 years.
  • One has to do what is agreeable and beneficial to parents and teachers, but still it has to be things that are in line with the scripture.
  • In the Vedic system everyone focuses on their duties, obligations, and that is how everyone’s rights are met.
  • Things of value may be learned from anybody. Good wives, learning of sacred knowledge, rules of purity, good conduct and various arts may be inquired from anybody. But from a lowborn person one should learn just that particular art only, and nothing else. A lifelong relationship is not maintained.
  • The student takes a vow for a certain time of study and keeps it.
  • Gaudiyas use Sama Veda for their yajnas, Sris use Yajur, Madhvas – Rig Veda.
  • Highly learned means good character, service attitude and knowledge of the Vedas.

TOPIC 6 THE LAW OF MARRIAGE

  • One should marry a wife of equal nature who is endowed with auspiciousness.
  • A couple may have a good compatibility, but still they need to work on their relationship. Otherwise any insignificant thing may cause separation.
  • A couple whose natures are matched will produce children with a clearly cut nature.
  • Satyavati, even though appearing to be fisherman’s daughter, was actually the daughter of Uparicara Vasu.

Brihad Manu Siksha #11 Lecture Notes

http://seminary.bhaktivedantaacademy.com/content/uploads/sc/year2/ms102/2012-03-29-Brihad-Manu-Siksa-2.208-217.mp3

Full lecture transcription [link not active yet]

  • Honoring the wife and son of the teacher.
  • Senior students in the Gurukula should also be honored.
  • Teachers who teach great number of students, teach 10 of them, and they teach younger students.
  • It is generally not recommended to take more than 12 students.
  • Assisting in bath, taking remnants etc are not done for the teacher’s wife and son.
  • After 20 years of age (at the age where one is aware and male and female interaction) one should not touch the feet of Guru’s wife.
  • Materially elevated people may be more refined and sense-controlled, but only devotee can be free from material desires.
  • One should not stay in a lonely place even with one’s mother, sister or daughter.
  • Manu gives standard human culture.
  • If Guru’s wife is elderly, the student may render services to her just like a son, but if she is younger, he should not do so.
  • In the Vedic system there are the most restrictions on grihasthas, since they have the idea that women are enjoyable. There are not so many rules for other orders.
  • Elements of celibacy are explained in most detail in the description of brahmachari ashrama.
  • Only in more developed cultures social interaction does not have to be flirting.
  • In Vedic culture woman is seen as mother, with respect. As one has relationship with one’s mother, one has that relationship with all women. But when women are seen as sex symbols, it actually reduces interaction and relationships.
  • A list of laws deal with every aspect, not leaving anything uncovered. We may never come across all those situations, but kings do.
  • Manu is the complete social science mechanics.
  • If we understand the principles, it is not difficult to follow many rules. Just like there are innumerable recipes, but one who knows the principle of cooking can see what’s available and put things together.
  • Grihastha ashrama is founded on brahmachari ashrama, where respect is a very essential quality.
  • Many times people have problems in relationships because they don’t catch the principle of respect.
  • It is always emphasized that wife follows the husband, but even man also follows his Guru. He followed Guru as a brahmachari, and continues to follow as a grihastha.
  • In varna one might be a big person, but in ashrama one is always submissive.
  • Culture is everything about our life what we do and how we use things in Krishna consciousness.
  • Everything in the creation is feminine, and one is trying to enjoy everything. Therefore rules for dealing with women pertain to all living entities who have taken a masculine mood and looking at the world for their enjoyment.
  • Whatever one wants to enjoy, one actually has to act like a servant and follow the proper rules to make things work.
  • We can assist the material energy to make things happen.
  • Masculine idea is to do something to get a result; feminine nature is to be involved in something to get an experience.
  • The Lord does not have a problem that we see His energy and we want to do something with it, the problem is that we are leaving Him out of it.

Brihad Manu Siksha #11 Lecture Notes

http://seminary.bhaktivedantaacademy.com/content/uploads/sc/year2/ms102/2012-03-29-Brihad-Manu-Siksa-2.208-217.mp3

Full lecture transcription [link not active yet]

  • Honoring the wife and son of the teacher.
  • Senior students in the Gurukula should also be honored.
  • Teachers who teach great number of students, teach 10 of them, and they teach younger students.
  • It is generally not recommended to take more than 12 students.
  • Assisting in bath, taking remnants etc are not done for the teacher’s wife and son.
  • After 20 years of age (at the age where one is aware and male and female interaction) one should not touch the feet of Guru’s wife.
  • Materially elevated people may be more refined and sense-controlled, but only devotee can be free from material desires.
  • One should not stay in a lonely place even with one’s mother, sister or daughter.
  • Manu gives standard human culture.
  • If Guru’s wife is elderly, the student may render services to her just like a son, but if she is younger, he should not do so.
  • In the Vedic system there are the most restrictions on grihasthas, since they have the idea that women are enjoyable. There are not so many rules for other orders.
  • Elements of celibacy are explained in most detail in the description of brahmachari ashrama.
  • Only in more developed cultures social interaction does not have to be flirting.
  • In Vedic culture woman is seen as mother, with respect. As one has relationship with one’s mother, one has that relationship with all women. But when women are seen as sex symbols, it actually reduces interaction and relationships.
  • A list of laws deal with every aspect, not leaving anything uncovered. We may never come across all those situations, but kings do.
  • Manu is the complete social science mechanics.
  • If we understand the principles, it is not difficult to follow many rules. Just like there are innumerable recipes, but one who knows the principle of cooking can see what’s available and put things together.
  • Grihastha ashrama is founded on brahmachari ashrama, where respect is a very essential quality.
  • Many times people have problems in relationships because they don’t catch the principle of respect.
  • It is always emphasized that wife follows the husband, but even man also follows his Guru. He followed Guru as a brahmachari, and continues to follow as a grihastha.
  • In varna one might be a big person, but in ashrama one is always submissive.
  • Culture is everything about our life what we do and how we use things in Krishna consciousness.
  • Everything in the creation is feminine, and one is trying to enjoy everything. Therefore rules for dealing with women pertain to all living entities who have taken a masculine mood and looking at the world for their enjoyment.
  • Whatever one wants to enjoy, one actually has to act like a servant and follow the proper rules to make things work.
  • We can assist the material energy to make things happen.
  • Masculine idea is to do something to get a result; feminine nature is to be involved in something to get an experience.
  • The Lord does not have a problem that we see His energy and we want to do something with it, the problem is that we are leaving Him out of it.

Brihad Manu Siksha #10 Lecture Notes

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Full lecture transcription [link not active yet] 

  • One who is not up to a particular standard and properly initiation, should not pronounce the Vedic mantras.
  • We should be wearing whatever is the prescribed dress of our sampradaya.

DUTIES OF BRAHMACHARYA

  • Maximum rules on purity is described in the section dealing with grihasthas. Everyone is dealing with purity, but rules are given in those places where it is the most relevant.
  • Brahmachari should abstain from anything that has gone sour that is not naturally sour. Excess sourness thins the semen, so it tends to go down. Semen is present in the whole body.
  • Payment for Mayapur Gurukula Education is only meant for things that students themselves use. Teachers use nothing of the money given by the parents, otherwise the teachers would be under the parents as if hired.
  • Only brahmanas are supposed to run schools, not vaishyas or kshatriyas.
  • Fines collected from people who have committed mortal sins are not used for any day-to-day purposes. They are either given to extremely qualified brahmanas, or put into water.
  • Articles meant yajna should never be placed directly on the ground.
  • Students who eat only begged food get the same benefit as always fasting.
  • Rules for respecting teacher.
  • Teacher’s name should never be pronounced without a honorary title.
  • One should never hear the censuring of the teacher, even if just.
  • If we lower our respect for guru, we will drop it for everybody else also.
  • In the 1970s devotees would deal with 2nd initiated devotees like nowadays with the most senior men. The respect for guru was great, so it was great for everybody else also.
  • Parents are not the best to properly train the children, especially in lifestyle, due to their sense of possession. Child is already part of their scene.
  • Parents add things that the teachers cannot give, but teachers are indispensable in the child’s life.
  • In the Vedic culture both parents and teachers are there. The child can choose to be more affectionate to the parents, or to the teachers, and nobody gets upset.
  • Gurukula has lost many students because the parents could not handle the children becoming more affectionate to the teachers than to them.
  • The child will be able to be raised by the whole village if they have that respect for everyone.

Brihad Manu Siksha #9 Lecture Notes

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ACARYA

  • Acarya is one who is teaching the practical application and philosophical significance.
  • Subteacher who teaches a particular portion or aspect of the Veda is called upadhyaya (Jyotisha, music etc). Modern teachers are all upadhyayis because acarya means one who knows the connection to the Lord.
  • Guru performs family ceremonies. During sacrifices one calls for the officiating priest, who is a guru just for the duration of the sacrifice.
  • 09:20 Ritviks – officiating priests – can be utilized in certain sacrifices, but not initiation.
  • Ritviks are trying to turn our line into diksha line, which is what case goswamis do. They are our first bonafide apasampradaya.
  • Why only initiation from Prabhupada? Why not from Bhaktivinoda, why not from Lord Brahma?
  • Prabhupada authorized to initiate on his behalf, while he was still present.
  • Ramanujacarya also appointed 74 disciples to initiate on his behalf while he was still present, just to see that they can function properly.
  • Parents chose whom the children learn from, but the teacher who fills one’s ears with Vedas is even more respectable than parents.
  • One will die from the birth that one took from parents, but initiation into Vedic knowledge is eternal.
  • 18:00 A man destitute of sacred knowledge is a child, and one who teaches him the Veda becomes father.
  • Seniority among brahmanas is judged by knowledge, ksatriyas – valor, vaishyas – commodities, shudras – age.
  • Stock money is not actually real wealth.
  • Actors who came up for a short time are not considered so much of an actor by other actors.
  • Real musicians practice 10 to 12 hours a day. But to be able to do something special with one’s skill takes several lifetimes of practice.
  • 29:00 Is stock market gambling? For those who know what they are doing is just risky, educated business. For others it is gambling.
  • Owner of gambling house is not gambler; it is just a business, bad business.
  • In the casino, if you know what you are doing you are considered a cheater.
  • We are amazed by the feats of oriental martial artists, but every monkey in Vrindavana can do that. Animals can easily do things that humans do with amazing talents.
  • Unlearned brahmana is useless and is brahmana in name only.
  • Criticized person may sleep peacefully but the criticizer perishes.
  • Person who criticizes others develops the same qualities that they criticize.
  • Study of the Vedas is the highest austerity.
  • There is only the brahminical culture, there is no separate culture for kshatriyas and vaishyas.
  • Person who daily studies the Vedas obtains the benefits of thrice giving away the whole earth.
  • If devotees are looking for money – study!
  • Studying the essential scriptures of the sampradaya is equal to the study of the Veda. If devotees have no time for that, they fall to the level of shudra.
  • First birth is from mother, 2nd – upanayanam, 3rd – initiation in the Vedic sacrifices.
  • If one’s diksha guru leaves devotional service, the validity of initiation remains, but one must find siksha guru. Siksha guru may be Srila Prabhupada, but it is better to also find living siksha guru. Otherwise, why are all Prabhupada’s disciples not inspired?

Brihad Manu Siksha #8 Lecture Notes

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  • Savitri = Gayatri
  • Rules for chanting Gayatri
  • During sandhyas mind is more easily controlled, or it becomes more disturbed.
  • Facing east vs facing Srila Prabhupada
  • There are times when Vedas should not be studied, but this does not apply to repetition, recitation at yajnas etc.
  • Persons who may be instructed in the Vedas.
  • Brahmana should move around as if he does not know anything, unless there is proper situation and person to teach.
  • Person learning must at least have respect for knowledge.
  • Brahmana should rather die with his knowledge than impart it to unqualified people.
  • 28:30 Book distribution to people who don’t appreciate – Krishna consciousness must be presented honestly, not with cheating and simply to get people’s money.
  • Knowledge should not be secretly heard from someone who does not intend to impart it. From a tape it is ok if the person himself has put out the tape.
  • By respecting the guru one will anyway get the benefit of it, independent of the Guru’s higher or lower qualification.
  • Small amounts of money should be given only to those beggars who do not ask themselves, who do not pursue people.
  • When superiors enter, life airs move up, so we should stand up to receive and salute them.
  • Length of life, knowledge, fame and strength increase by respecting elders. Elder means by age or by knowledge of the Veda.
  • 42:10 One who does not know how to receive salutation should not be respected.
  • Different words are used to inquire about the health of different castes: welfare, freedom from sinful reactions, gain and safety and freedom from disease.
  • One initiated for sacrifices should not be addressed by name even though of younger age.
  • Wife of another man who is not a relative should always addressed respectfully, ‘Bhavati.’
  • Superior relatives like uncle should be addressed respectfully, even though they are younger by age.
  • 50:20 In ISKCON respects are expressed by ‘Prabhu’ and ‘Mataji’
  • 50:40 Matajis that want to be called ‘Prabhu’ are not returning respect in a proper way, so they may be ignored.
  • Eating little and having much energy for service – that is spiritual potency.
  • 10 yr old brahmana is as father to a 90 yr old kshatriya.
  • Among ordinary citizens those within 10 yrs of age difference are considered equal.
  • Wealth, family relations, age, performance of sacrifice and knowledge – these are the criteria of seniority, in increasing order. 
  • A shudra who is above 90 yrs of age is respected by everyone.
  • Everyone is respected by what they have, but there are gradations of respectability.
  • Of 2 people with the same knowledge, one who is more humble is higher.
  • Of a Western and Indian scholar of similar achievements, Indian is higher, because the science is more complex. Transcendental knowledge is still above that.
  • Even people who are more respectable will respect other people with respectable qualities.
  • The way is made for king, snataka, bridegroom, carrier of a burden, person above 90. Of them snataka and king are the most honored, and of them snataka.

Brihad Manu Siksha #7 Lecture Notes

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  • The results of all activities will ultimately be finished, but the chanting of transcendental sound is eternal.
  • Truth means that the activity must be in connection to the Lord.
  • The chanting of the Holy Name is the best of all activities.
  • Prayers are 10 times more powerful than Vedic sacrifices. Silent recitation is 100 times more effective, utterances in the mind – 1000 times more powerful.
  • We decide what way to chant according to the situation. The comparison is only given to show that one has to be increasingly focused.
  • If the mental chanting is going on, it is already in the heart.
  • We become too distracted by forms and think them to be all in all. We have to be able to discern between primary and secondary.
  • We are used to over-emphasizing certain forms and putting down all others, just to establish our own superiority.
  • Without Pancaratra no mleccha or yavana will be chanting the holy name.
  • Human life means one has to know the essence and one has to be friend to all creatures.
  • If no divorce is accepted one will be much more committed, and also one will make all endeavor to properly choose a partner, knowing that it is for the whole life.
  • Knowledge of Kama Sutra was originally given by Nandi, Lord Shiva’s carrier in 1,000 chapters. Now most of the knowledge is lost.
  • Modern man is just as bound to following the rules as before, but they do not want to acknowledge it.
  • 12 yr old girl thinks of details of their future house, the 12 yr old boy would no have a clue.
  • Man who does not know how to deal with wife is not even smart materially, since it would be much cheaper to hire a servant.
  • Serving tea in ISKCON restaurants and quoting Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati serving meat to the British – BSST would not do it for business, he would pay so the British would come and hear his preaching.
  • People who want to break the rules, make rules about how to break the rules.
  • Expertise in the material field will truly happen when one is cultivating true knowledge. Skills truly work when there is proper qualification.
  • Even one uncontrolled sense can make the man’s knowledge to slip away.
  • The real success is how to control the senses – how to engage them in the Lord’s service. Therefore Bhagavatam is the perfect self-help book.

Brihad Manu Siksha #6 Lecture Notes

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  • The rules of begging.
  • Brahmana starts begging with bhavati – first respect, then activity, then result.
  • Kshatriya first states the activity, then respect, then result.
  • Vaishya fist states the benefit, then activity, then respect.
  • Within upanayanam samskara first alms are given by mother, sister or aunt, so it turns out auspicious.
  • Prasada may be honored sitting in any direction.
  • While eating one should be focused on the prasada. No discussions distracting from the meal should be entertained.
  • Eating is not maya, maya is not seeing things in connection to Krishna.
  • Austerity on its own is not devotional service. Good things on their own are not devotional service. It becomes devotional service when we understand the connection to Krishna.
  • One should eat what one is happy about.
  • Food eaten in worshipful mood gives good health and nourishment, neglectfully – vice versa.
  • We should never eat with people who complain about what we are eating.
  • There is no healthy health food freaks.
  • The laws given in the Manu Samhita are not an option, they are laws. Some laws don’t apply to Vaishnavas as a lifestyle, ashrama. But in varna all the rules given apply.
  • We follow laws everywhere else, but we question God’s laws. If we are scared, we should not stay in this class.
  • People who are materially regulated are generally healthy because they unknowingly follow God’s laws.
  • Manu tells us not eat between meals.
  • One should not overeat oneself, but should try to feed others as much as possible.
  • Overeating is impediment to health, fame and way to heaven.
  • Brahmana sips water from the base of the wrist, root of the thumb. For demigod, pitri worship etc there are other places to sip from.
  • Acamana is a Vedic ritual that is used in Pancaratra.
  • Acamana should be performed facing East or North.
  • Water should be clean and cool.
  • Brahmana is purified when acamana water reaches his heart – that happens when one uses the right quantity and concentrates. That focus ensures the purity of the brahmana. Shudra is purified when water merely touches the lips.
  • Those who worship Vishnu always wear thread on the left shoulder to the right, and expose right arm and shoulder while wearing chaddar. For other worships it is vice versa.
  • Sacred items are placed in water after use. Burning or burying is the next option.
  • First 6 chapters of Manu Samhita are going in the order of samskaras.
  • Keshanta – clipping hair, confirming student’s vows. Brahmana is mature at the age of 16. One shows one’s own commitment and desire to study, as opposed to just what parents wanted. Brahmanas continue to study, while kshatriyas and vaishyas usually graduate at the age of 16.
  • Ceremonies for females are performed chanting mantras without svaras. For women, upanayana is replaced by marriage.
  • Women don’t have the ceremony of keshanta. For women the conviction to remain unmarried is not important, since girls are always focused in what they are doing.
  • Marriage is equal to initiation for women. Serving the husband is equal to service to the teacher. Household duties give the same benefit as performance of yajnas.
  • Vedic is equal because everyone gets the same benefit, even though the means may be different.
  • It’s not that men and women like exactly the same things in the same way.
  • 44:30 Women want to give a class. What result are they looking for?
  • To give class just because one is a woman is quite bodily conscious.
  • When men do something the formality is great. When women do something, they always involve some art. Therefore there are things that only men do, since women would not be satisfied with them anyway – there is no aspect of art there.

Topic 3 The ordinances of studentship

  • First teacher instructs the student in personal purification and conduct. Next is yajna, Deity worship and chanting of mantras. After that comes study.
  • While offering obeisances, hands are put on top of each other and crossed (as if touching the right foot of the teacher with right hand, left foot with the left hand.)
  • The brahmana teacher must always be enthusiastic to teach. If student doesn’t learn they repeat it.
  • Lesson should start with transcendental sound, otherwise knowledge will slip away, and end also, otherwise knowledge will fade.
  • We chant “Om” before Hare Krishna to catch people’s attention and to get everyone on the same note.
  • AUM represents the three Vedas, three worlds, three padas of Gayatri, the Lord, His internal potency and the living entities.
  • By chanting Gayatri one gets the benefit of reciting the whole Veda.
  • Gayatri is chanted morning and evening with all the accompanying rituals, but at noon simply purification and chanting takes place. Therefore sometimes it is misunderstood that Gayatri is chanted twice a day.
  • 60:30 Wrapping the thread around thumb while chanting Gayatri – it is meant for those who chant Gayatri as japa, many times, to help counting.
  • 63:00 Portals before internet.
  • Chanting of Gayatri is entrance into study of the Veda and into transcendence.
  • Brahma Gayatri removes the purusha-bhava. Therefore women traditionally would not chant it.
  • Prabhupada did not want to give Brahma-gayatri to women, but they went on strike, and Prabhupada decided that they had as much purusha-bhava as men, so it would help. But technically it is not a glory.
  • Don’t use dharma to establish adharma, use dharma to establish things the way they work.

Brihad Manu Siksha #5 Lecture Notes

http://seminary.bhaktivedantaacademy.com/content/uploads/sc/year2/ms102/2012-03-19-Brihad-Manu-Siksa-2.16-47.mp3

Full lecture transcription [Link not active yet]

  • Sarasvata Brahmanas migrated from North West of India to various other parts. Rupa and Sanatana belonged to Sarasvata Brahmanas.
  • Our qualification to access the Vedic is through Pancaratra.
  • People coming from specific areas in India as delineated were actually exposed to proper Vedic culture, they studied and practiced, therefore they were qualified to understand Manu Samhita.

CHAPTER 2 ASHRAMA DHARMA

  • Conditioning means that we function on rituals. But we have the tendency to only accept those rituals that we are used to and reject others.
  • Vedic mantras should be chanted with proper svaras, otherwise they don’t work. Learning svaras take a very long time, and it does not cater to the needs of the artists.
  • Vedas are not studied by the artists, because there is no artistic expression there.
  • The story of Satyakama Javala
  • Jata karma is performed before the umbilical cord is cut for the male child. He is fed gold with honey and ghee.
  • There is scientific reason why umbilical cord is not cut immediately.
  • 10 to 12 days after birth on an auspicious day nama-karana ceremony is done.
  • Brahmana’s name should be auspicious. Kshatriya’s name should be connected to power.
  • Women’s names should be easy to pronounce, pleasing, not denote anything terrible, end with long vowels. Boys’ names may be more complicated.
  • Australians shorten devotees’ names to one syllable.
  • Name should be given according to the constellation of the Moon. It enhances auspiciousness for the child.
  • 4th month is nishkramana, 6th – anna-prashana.
  • There are total of 48 samskaras, but not all are followed in all communities.
  • Niskramanta is perfomed for stability and fixed residence. Anna-prashana – for good health.
  • All old traditions make sense, but we are not the caliber of the material that it is suggested to work with.
  • No 2nd generation mothers have had problems spending first 3 months just with their baby and not going out anywhere.
  • Former times kids were generally much more healthy than they are nowadays.
  • Staying in the mother’s house was the time for her to spend time with the daughter.
  • Cuda-karana ceremony is there to develop purity. It is performed during 1st year if skull bones are firm, or during 3rd year.
  • Education should begin 5 years after conception.
  • Astrological chart can be made according to the time of conception, or birth.
  • If child is conceived at an auspicious time, he will also be born in auspicious time.
  • Kshatriya may begin education in the 6th year, vaishya in the 8th.
  • The earlier one becomes education, the better qualities one develops.
  • Upanayanam should be received up to a certain age, otherwise one is considered an outcaste.
  • Deerskin embodies the light of the Sun.
  • Girdle of brahmana should be made of munja grass.
  • Soccer develops very low consciousness, since all consciousness go into legs.
  • Martial arts ensure the best physical development.
  • Following Ekadasi and Caturmasya have about 50 rules, but Lord Caitanya made it very simple. But still we complain about too many rituals.
  • In Bengal everyone wears 9 threads on upavita, representing the 9 qualities of the devotee. In other places brahmacharis wear 3 threads, while grihasthas wear 6.