King should rise early in the morning and honor brahmanas. Kings have to learn from those brahmanas who know how to apply Vedic principles in administration. From other brahmanas he may learn about spiritual life etc.
One who worships more experienced men is honored even by rakshasas.
The duties of vaishyas and shudras depend on skills, not on character. But for brahmanas and kshatriyas their ashrama is more prominent to enable them to execute their duties.
King should be modest. He may show off in front of his army, but in general should be humble.
Ashrama, personal character, should always be developing, so the king is always learning.
Kings have to learn Vedanta, logic and the science of governing from brahmanas, in the academy. From people he learns various trades and professions – for that one does not have to go the academy.
Study and contemplation is always constant. In the Vedic time ‘thinking out of the box’ is just called contemplation.
Devotees have problem with the ritualistic side of the Vedic culture, but ritualistic side is actually only for those who do not understand what the culture is for.
Vedic education. Any Gurukula teaches the character training and the 14 books of Vedic knowledge. After that, there may be specialization in some field, and study of arts.
Day and night a kshatriya must strenuously exert himself to control his senses. If one is not obedient, one cannot keep the subjects obedient.
A man who does not control his senses is not very attractive to women, so he does not actually get any sense gratification. One who does not control senses always wants to exploit others, so women don’t want to be with such a man.
Kshatriyas have the most facility and thus they have to have the greatest control.
There are 18 kinds of vices one has to avoid, they are arising from desire for pleasure and from anger.
Hunting, gambling, sleeping during day, sensuousness, critical attitude, excess with women, drinking, inordinate love for dancing, singing and music, useless travel – 10 vices springing from love of pleasure.
Tale-bearing, violence, treachery, envy, slandering, unjust seizure of property, insulting others and assault – 8 vices springing from anger.
Greediness is the root of all the vices.
Drinking, dice, women and hunting (the 4 regulative principles) are the most harmful from those vices coming from love of pleasure.
Eating meat through sacrifice is not a joke, there are complicated rules and rituals involved.
All animals killed by Pandavas or Lord Ramacandra were liberated.
Eating forbidden foodstuff and taking intoxication are on the same level.
Bodily injury, criticizing others and seizing their property are the 3 worst of the vices born of anger.
Meat eating means that one’s senses are so much out of control th one dos not mind killing others. For meat-eater cultures the concept of prescribed duties therefore is so foreign.
Intoxication and gambling are considered worse than meat eating and illicit sex, because they completely disable the person from doing one’s prescribed duties.
Polish kingdom was once the biggest in Europe, but they lost everything due to drinking.
Vice is worse than death.
Nowadays government derives huge income from taxes on sinful activities – intoxication, gambling.
The king should appoint 7 or 8 ministers, max 9 (on the top level), otherwise it is difficult to have uniform government. But on lower level there may be as many committees as necessary.
Bureaucrats are there on the lower levels, but they can never replace leadership.
The king should daily discuss the businesses of the kingdom with his ministers. First king should discuss some matter with each minister separately, then he should call a meeting of all of them together.
Generally ministers are brahmanas, but sometimes there are exceptions, like Vidura.
Ministers should generally be skilled in weapons, so that they may not be so easily killed.
The most important matters should be discussed with prime minister.
Brave, skillful and highborn people are employed in dealing outside the palace, the timid – within the palace.
The ambassador should know all the sciences.
There are certain gestures people make when they think certain things and skilled people can read it. In politics people have to learn to control that, so as not to disclose one’s intentions.
Only because of punishment things function on the social platform. If there is no reaction, everyone would do whatever they wanted.
Generally, it is talked about education, encouragement etc, but actually punishment keeps things in line. If only encouragement is required, that is used. One who can be encouraged generally has some knowledge and qualities.
If things are not going to improve by discussion, there is punishment.
Liberal society trains people to think punishment is bad, but how do they deal with people who are not liberal?
Actually the confusion is when punishment is necessary; sometimes it is good, sometimes – bad.
Nowadays artists write all kinds of destructive lyrics, but government does not forbid it, ‘they should be allowed to express,’ but in that case selling cocaine to kids is also fine.
Encouragement is there when there is something to work with.
Nowadays absurd cases come up where criminals are protected and innocent people punished. Everything is based on sentiment.
Justice has to be applied by qualified people.
This section of Manu Samhita proves the absurdity of liberals and brings out the weaknesses of conservatives.
There must be standards and people must follow them.
Punishment means there is going to be reaction that we do not want.
Punishment may not be necessary if people are very well trained, but then one has to invest in the training.
Nowadays people only discuss their rights; Vedic system means that people focus on their obligations, so everyone’s rights are fulfilled
Obligation means that we have to perform some activity. Right means that we just sit and do nothing, and somebody else has to do something.
Properly inflicted punishment makes all people happy.
It is much easier to manage trained people.
There is no punishment in the spiritual world because everybody is a servant of God and does everything properly.
We are under the false impression that material world can be made nice and ideal.
Punishment is simply there, so that people do what is proper because when they properly perform their duties, everybody benefits.
We want to be so liberal and deny the importance of punishment, but what if demigods like Surya, Vayu etc gave up their duties that they also perform out of fear of punishment?
Taxes and punishment are not a problem, it is only a matter of the qualification of the governors.
In the Vedic system one can choose a specific set of duties (e.g. to get married or to renounce), but once the choice is made, one has to follow that set of duties.
Qualities of king who can administer punishment: truthful; acts after due consideration; wise; knows value of dharma, artha and kama; endowed with great energy; munificent; grateful; dedicated to the service of aged; humble; virtuous; born in a good family; pure; active; well-read in dharma-shastras; devoid of fault-finding; large-minded; free of vices like gambling; capable of hiding one’s shortcomings (otherwise, enemy can conquer the king on the basis of his weakness); well-versed in logic, politics, economics and the three Vedas.
To simply see weakness – that the leader has to be able to do, but to emphasize weakness is faultfinding.
King’s authorities know his weaknesses, but he is not supposed to show them to others. King’s authorities are also capable of keeping secrets.
King who is voluptuous, deceitful and partial is destroyed by the punishment he inflicts. Indian kings have a successful rule and then retire; in other places we see them destroyed.
‘Absolute power corrupts absolutely’ is itself an absolute statement, and those who make it are themselves corrupt.
Punishment is not possible to administer by men with unimproved character – then it destroys all.
Chapters about king’s duties are really freaky for those who do not have knowledge and character.
There is no such thing as not having leadership and authority, it’s a question of their qualities. At the same time, the character of the followers is equally important to run a successful social system.
One who is not self-realized, or on the path of self-realization (unimproved mind) is not qualified to be a leader.
King is behaving without duplicity towards his friends (means, he has friends). He should act with justice in his domain, chastise enemy with vigour, and be lenient towards brahmanas.
Kings protects people through his actions.
The basic principles of running government are applied in various circumstances, but a king deals with the full government.
To actually be in charge is a big job – it means to practically personally get things done. One has character, one has energy, one has ability to deal constantly with various problematic situations. Even the Lord Himself personally comes to establish dharma. If one is not able to do this, one should not be a leader.
Actual management meetings should not be long, 10-20 minutes, because real managers want to do something practically.
Those who cannot deal with people should manage things.
Dualities of love and hatred are destroyed by suppression of breath. Sin is destroyed through focus in one’s prescribed duty. Sensual attachment by restraint, and false identity by contemplation of distinction between matter and spirit and constitutional position of the soul.
Sin comes from improper activity.
We are attracted to certain situations because they offer some benefits, but when we contemplate how people move through these situations as a result to their activities, we gradually lose interest in them.
A woman is purified after a miscarriage after as many days and months as had elapsed after conception.
After menstrual period woman becomes personally pure on 4th day after bathing, but she cannot perform rituals until her flow has completely ceased. If woman suffers from uterine hemorrhage she is not affected by uncleanliness.